Dulles neurology experts emphasize the importance of first aid for syncope since it may happen anytime, anywhere. Syncope episodes may leave the patient temporarily unconscious.
What are the causes of syncope episodes?
Also known as fainting or passing out, syncope is commonly due to hypotension or very low blood pressure. This means that the heart is not pumping enough blood to the brain.
Syncope episodes may also be triggered by dehydration, fatigue, or overheating. Emotional stress or pain can also cause lead to neurally mediated syncope. Fainting may not mean anything worse but it can also be a signal for other medical conditions such as abnormal heart rhythm and other cardiovascular diseases.
What can you do when someone passes out near you?
If someone near you suddenly faints, make sure not to panic. You may carefully follow these steps, according to a neurologist in Leesburg:
1. Check breathing and position the person on his back.
If the person did not fall bad and there were no signs of physical injury, check the breathing. If there’s no sign of breathing, it will be better if you call the emergency hotline or any medical professional nearby. If the person is breathing, lay him down on his back.
2. Elevate the patient’s legs.
Raise the patient’s leg above heart level, approximately 12 inches above the ground, for a minute. If he is wearing any restrictive clothing or accessories such as belt and watches, loosen it.
3. Check again for breathing
After a minute or so, check again if the patient is breathing or moving. These are indicators that he is beginning to gain consciousness. If there are still no signs of breathing after doing the first two steps, contact the emergency hotline to provide immediate and appropriate assistance. If there is any trained medical professional around who can perform CPR, you can ask for their help as well.
4. Treat physical injuries, if any.
If the patient fell badly and there were some injuries, treat the wounds and bruises accordingly. On the other hand, if you are the one feeling symptoms of an incoming syncope, such as lightheadedness and nausea, be sure to sit down. According to Dulles neurology experts, you may also place your head between your knees for a few moments until the nausea tones down. Ask for help from someone near you.
Beware of Recurrences
These first aid steps are helpful to minimize any danger upon passing out. But it will still be better if assistance from emergency personnel or any medical professional can be obtained. A neurologist in Leesburg, VA also emphasized that if the patient is experiencing regular and recurrent syncopal attacks, it will be better to have it checked. This is to ensure that it does not signal any worse cardiovascular or neurological conditions that may risk your lives.
In addition, try to observe a pattern on the common triggers. Do not forget that fainting is still not something you can simply dismiss. To be certain and prevent any condition from getting worse, consult your doctor as soon as possible.